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Qu'est-ce que la littérature ?

Qu est ce que la litt rature Ecriture et lecture sont les deux faces d un m me fait d histoire et la libert laquelle l crivain nous convie ce n est pas une pure conscience abstraite d tre libre Elle n est pas proprement parler

  • Title: Qu'est-ce que la littérature ?
  • Author: Jean-Paul Sartre
  • ISBN: 9782070323067
  • Page: 246
  • Format: Poche
  • Ecriture et lecture sont les deux faces d un m me fait d histoire et la libert laquelle l crivain nous convie, ce n est pas une pure conscience abstraite d tre libre Elle n est pas, proprement parler, elle se conquiert dans une situation historique chaque livre propose une lib ration concr te partir d une ali nation particuli re Et puisque les libert s de l Ecriture et lecture sont les deux faces d un m me fait d histoire et la libert laquelle l crivain nous convie, ce n est pas une pure conscience abstraite d tre libre Elle n est pas, proprement parler, elle se conquiert dans une situation historique chaque livre propose une lib ration concr te partir d une ali nation particuli re Et puisque les libert s de l auteur et du lecteur se cherchent et s affectent travers un monde, on peut dire aussi bien que c est le choix fait par l auteur d un certain aspect du monde qui d cide du lecteur, et r ciproquement que c est en choisissant son lecteur que l crivain d cide de son sujet Ainsi tous les ouvrages de l esprit contiennent en eux m mes l image du lecteur auquel ils sont destin s.

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    1 thought on “Qu'est-ce que la littérature ?

    1. ‎ ‎سأل رسام مبتدئ معلمه قائلا: متى أعد اللوحة من لوحات رسمي كاملة؟ فقال المعلم‏في الوقت الذي تستطيع النظر إليها دهشًا قائلا في نفسك-أنا الذي فعلت هذا‎‎بداية قراءة هذا الكتاب تحتاج لصبر شديدلا لغموضه كما قد يتصور البعضوإنما لسوء ترجمته الغير محتملةلو أنني كنت أعلم أنه ستت [...]

    2. سارتر در این کتاب با نگاهی جهت‌دار، چیستی ادبیات را برمی‌رسد. شالوده‌ی اندیشه‌ی او، «آزادی انسان» است و ادبیات را نیز بر همین پایه بازمی‌شناساند؛ هرچند این واژه در میان گفته‌های خود او نیز معنایی چندان روشن ندارد و دست‌کم، در جاهایی نمی‌توان مقصود دقیقش را از این اصطلاح [...]

    3. Single Quote Review:The world can very well do without literature. But it can do without man still better.

    4. This 1947 essay was fun to read, written with very lively force. As for its content, it's a long argument about the nature and purposes (these two being inseparable) of prose writing, entwined with a Marxist history of French literature (and, in passing, a critique of how the Communist Party is anti-revolutionary and against socialist interests). In the second chapter, Sartre rises into very abstract philosophical realms, but it's crucial to understanding the entire book to know what he means ab [...]

    5. What Is Literature? (Qu’est ce que la littérature?) by Jean-Paul Sartre has also been published as Literature and Existentialism. It is a collection of freestanding essays originally published in the French literary journals Les Temps Modernes, Situations I and Situations II. Jean-Paul Sartre is best known as the French philosopher who played a key part in the schools of existentialism and phenomenology. It is sometimes forgotten that he was also a literary critic and a Marxist who was often [...]

    6. هذا الكتاب يثبت فعلا أن بعض الكتب، قراءتها من قبل المترجم في لغتها اﻷصلية ثم فهمها وهضمها ثم بعد ذلك وضع ملخص ﻷفكارها بلغته اﻷم، أجدى وأنفع من ترجمتها كاملة!الكتاب فيه اسهاب من سارتر عن مواضيع كثيرة بتفاصيل أكثر، شديدة المحلية، تخص كتاب فرنسا وثرثراتهم عن اﻷدب!مع استثناءا [...]

    7. في هذا الكتاب لا يعبر سارتر عن موقف فكري فقط ، بل عن موقف نضالي دائم و مستدام ، في سبيل قضايا عليا يرى أن من واجب المثقف أيا ً كان موقفه الفكري التحلي بها ، أفكار من مثيل التحرر الوطني و السياسي و الفكري ، و الحرية و قضايا حقوق الإنسان ، كلها يستعرضها من خلال النص الأدبي أولا ً ث [...]

    8. مقتطفات متفرقة من الكتاب ( لا يلقى الكاتب في كل مكان سوى معرفته , إرادته , مشروعاته , باختصار , هو يلقى نفسه , والشيء الذي يبدعه لا يبدعه لنفسه فحسب , فالفعل الخلاق مجرد لحظة من لحظات العري الفني ) .( لا وجود للفن إلا بالآخرين , ولأجل الآخرين ) .( الكتابة نداء موجه إلى القارىء كي يخرج [...]

    9. من خلال أهم تلات محاور بتدور حول الكتابة خصوصًا والأدب عمومًا تحدث جان بول سارتر ووصف وسرد وشرح- لماذا نكتب- لمن نكتب- موقف الكاتب من العالمميزة الكتاب دة إنه مكتوب بطريقة سلسة ولغة بسيطة لدرجة إنك مش هتحس إنه مترجم ودة مش مدح في الترجمة قد ما هو إشادة بقدرة جان بول سارتر في ال [...]

    10. Like most other people, I first read Sartre early in my time at college- Nausea, Being & Nothingness, Words. And I was, of course, smitten by this man who understood so well my experience of isolation, freedom and how irritating it is when tools don't work properly. And then, like (I hope) most other people (including, it must be said, Sartre), I got over it, realized that the world existed neither to irritate me nor to coddle me, and that there were more important things than the state of m [...]

    11. Sartre's organization is a little too fluid and/or specious to really work for me as serious philosophy - at the same time, it makes his work kind of endearing. Because! He is! SO EXCITED! And also really angry about some things (hint: Nazis). I know that this is considered less of a "problem" in French, and I'm certain that my own biases are for very clearly structured works of philosophy - which plays into my reaction to this work.One of the things I really liked about Mallarmé or the Poet of [...]

    12. فالبحث عن الحقيقة لا يتم إلا باستخدام اللغة كأداة. وليس هذا شأن الرسام أو النحات أو الموسيقي أو حتى الشاعر. بل هو شأن الأديب. يسهب بشكل كبير للغاية يكرر الفكرة بشكل يزعج ولكنني وجدت الأفكار في حد ذاتها تستحق التأمل. لن أقيمة الآن أظنه يحتاج لقراءة أخرى

    13. معمولاً انسان‌هاي بزرگ، حرف‌هاي بي‌ربط بزرگ هم می‌گویند

    14. Should be required reading for workshop classes; too often students are taught craft but not meaning. Sartre, in his own way in 1947, gives here a treatise on literature through philosophy, politics, history, & aesthetics, delving into the relationship between author & reader, author & self, and author & history. Heavily politicized through Sartre's spectacles of freedom, but altogether elucidating and full of important truths."The function of a writer is to call a spade a spade. [...]

    15. نظریه معروف "تعهد نویسنده" در این اثر سارتر منعکس شده، که در دوران جنگ سرد بین بلوک غرب و شرق، بین روشنفکران و نویسندگان هر دو اردوگاه، و به ویژه از سوی روشنفکران جهان سوم با استقبال روبرو شد و پیروان بسیاری داشت. اگرچه برخی معتقدند نظریه ی تعهد سارتر در ادبیات که لاجرم نویسنده [...]

    16. Read this for a Literary Theory Seminar I am taking. Provides an insightful and very natural account of literature and the act of reading, especially Sartre's discussion of how the experience of a writer reading his own work is fundamentally different to that of a reader reading someone else's work and of how the author guides the reader in the process of creating the author's work. The end section about "The Situation of the Writer in 1947" is more politically-oriented and directed, but is stil [...]

    17. He makes a mess of his premises and philosophical claims, but is usually a touching and most of all passionate writer. It's a passion so great one is tempted to link it to the times he wrote this in; a time which would make any and all vagueness understandable.

    18. Mostly about the literature of commitment, political action and being engaged. Mostly related to the pre- and post-war condition of French writers. A good read.

    19. إممم هو مُثرى , الكتاب والهوامش فيهم كم معلومات كبيرة جدًا عن تاريخ الأدب فى أوروبا تحديدًا بس للأسف الكتاب نفسه غير مُنظّم بالمرة بيخرج من موضوع للتانى بشكل عشوائى :S

    20. Yazmak nedir, niçin yaşıyoruz ve kimin için yazıyoruz; bu üç soru üzerine yazılmış bir kitap. Keşke şöyle genel bi' değerlendirme yapacak aklî durumda olsam lâkin değilim, o yüzden kısa kısa bahsedip bir alıntıyla noktalayayım bu değerlendirmeyi. Jean-Paul Sartre, bu eserde edebiyatı genel itibariyle yazar, yazarın görevi ve okur bazında ele alıyor ve kendi görüşü dahilinde bütün bunların tanımlamasını ve görevlerini yapıyor. Fakat aklınıza "edebiyata [...]

    21. Anche in questo caso mi sono limitata a leggere i capitoli che si riferivano ad autori e libri di mia conoscenza, e c'erano tanti francesi di cui non avevo proprio idea. Inoltre il livello era veramente molto alto e piú volte mi sono persa il filo del discorso tra collegamenti a filosofi e riferimenti storici che ignoravo. Forse é da raccomandare per persone che sono giá preparate sull'argomento, ma siccome Sartre scrive bene, mi sento di generalizzare il consiglio a chiunque voglia leggere d [...]

    22. I started reading the book two years ago and found it both intriguing and complicated. I never found myself in the mood to read it justly. I was bored to death when I read it in a waiting room with a tasteless cup of Nescafé. That's what it takes (I guess!) to indulge in a world made by Sartre, to be overwhelmed with nothingness. I don't recommend reading the book unless you have a background in the subjects of the essays otherwise it'd be as tasteless as that Nescafé cup.

    23. I'm not sure I understood it all, but that was really interesting: literature is engaged in History, whether it likes it or not. Sartre offers a panorama of literature telling us what it was from the XVIth century to 1947: readers, goals and style changed.

    24. I agree that this book is of it's time but there are some good points to note. He makes a distinction between journalism, prose and poetry saying that poetry is on the side of painting, sculpture and music. I resonate with this distinction, prose has meaning and poetry paints a picture with words. I always feel like stretching a line of poetry out and dropping more words in and I would rather gaze at a painting than read a poem. I guess I am trying to add meaning to a poem as I love literature.I [...]

    25. On the first read, it was hard to follow and get into and understand.But I took a second breeze through and had the chance to formalize my thoughts through a class assignment, and I get what he's getting at more. When you write you reveal the world and when you reveal the world you change it. Throughout the first essay “What Is Writing?”, Sartre also provides questions that he thinks writers should ask themselves:1. Do you have anything to say? (36)2. What aspect of the world do you want to [...]

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