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Language, Truth, and Logic

Language Truth and Logic Classic introduction to objectives methods of schools of empiricism linguistic analysis especially of the logical positivism derived from the Vienna Circle Topics elimination of metaphysics function

  • Title: Language, Truth, and Logic
  • Author: A.J. Ayer
  • ISBN: 9780486200101
  • Page: 230
  • Format: Paperback
  • Classic introduction to objectives methods of schools of empiricism linguistic analysis, especially of the logical positivism derived from the Vienna Circle Topics elimination of metaphysics, function of philosophy, nature of philosophical analysis, the a priori, truth probability, critique of ethics theology, self the common world etc.IntroClassic introduction to objectives methods of schools of empiricism linguistic analysis, especially of the logical positivism derived from the Vienna Circle Topics elimination of metaphysics, function of philosophy, nature of philosophical analysis, the a priori, truth probability, critique of ethics theology, self the common world etc.IntroductionThe elimination of metaphysicsThe function of philosophy The nature of philosophical analysisThe a priori Truth probabilityCritique of ethics theologyThe self the common worldSolutions of outstanding philosophical disputesIndex

    Language, Truth and Logic Dover Books on Western Language, Truth and Logic Dover Books on Western Philosophy Alfred J Ayer, Sir Alfred Jules Ayer on FREE shipping on qualifying offers A delightful book I should like to have written it myself Bertrand Russell First published in Truth is Top Word of the Year by The Global The Only Analysis for Global English Worldwide th annual analysis by the Global Language Monitor Weinstein Effect and MeToo is the Top Phrase and Xi Jinping is the Top Name of Recently, The Global Language Monitor GLM announced that Truth is the Word of the Year for To See the Top Words, Phrases, and Names of , Truth, Language, and History Philosophical Truth, Language, and History is the much anticipated final volume of Donald Davidson s philosophical writings In four groups of essays, Davidson continues to explore the themes that occupied him for than fifty years the relations between language and the world speaker intention and linguistic meaning language and mind mind and body mind and world mind and other minds. Philosophy of language Philosophy of language in the analytical tradition explored logic and accounts of the mind at the end of the nineteenth century, with English speaking writers Frege and Russell being pivotal, followed by Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico Philosophicus , the Vienna Circle and the logical positivists, and Quine, while on the continent a foundation work was Ferdinand de Saussure s Cours de Truth Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard Truth is also sometimes defined in modern contexts as an idea of truth to self, or authenticity. Truth is usually held to be opposite to falsehood, which, correspondingly, can also suggest a logical, factual, or ethical meaning.The concept of truth is discussed and debated in Single Version Of Truth Why Your Company Must Speak The Jan , Every data driven firm must ensure its people share a common data language With the influx of data silos, it s becoming harder to avoid creating another thai language Welcome to thai language, your Internet resource for learning the Thai language for over years Here you ll find audio clips, over dictionary entries, images and illustrations, message boards, and a friendly world wide community of folks who are interested in Thai language, culture, residency, and travel. Body language expert reveals truth behind Queen Elizabeth Jun , It was a big day for Duchess Meghan, who stepped out on Thursday in Cheshire for her first solo engagement with Queen Elizabeth Prince Harry, Why Is Math the Only True Universal Language Article Summary It is easy to see that no matter how diverse different cultures are, math is one common language across the world Take a few minutes to make a list of other ways that math is the universal language. Heidegger s works in English Books by Martin Heidegger translated into English English translations of Heidegger s writings This page lists books in my library For a complete list of English translations, visit HyperJeff s Quick reference guide to the English translations of Heidegger.

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    1 thought on “Language, Truth, and Logic

    1. [SOCRATES is sitting in his living room on an easy chair, reading a newspaper. Suddenly, he hears a knock on the door, and gets up to answer it. Standing there is AYER, a skinny young man in a grey suit, with short-cropped hair. He is smiling and staring intently at SOCRATES.]SOC: Hello? How may I help you?AYER: Hello! My name is Alfred Jules Ayer, but most people call me Freddie. How are you today?SOC: I’m fine, quite fine, thanks. Are you selling something? Because I’m afraid I am not inte [...]

    2. To predict tomorrow's weather, I need not take into account the state of mind of the Emperor of Manchukuo.I remember this book fondly, for in the hauteur of my youth I identified with the author's arguments in toto perhaps because I was the same age as he when he'd written this book.Ayer operates from an absolute position: all legitimate knowledge is empirical knowledge and everything that exists outside the realm of the senses is mythical mumbo-jumbo one will do well to get rid of. He attacks m [...]

    3. A work that usefully lays out some of the key arguments for seeing the status of metaphysical knowledge as being crucially dependent on the theory of meaning. The arguments (and, especially, the rhetorical maneuvers) provided by this book have crucially contributed to the linguistic turn in 20th century thought, which was a philosophical approach aimed at reducing metaphysical questions to questions about the proper use of symbolism. This is the essence of Ayer's (in)famous "elimination" of meta [...]

    4. Polemical? Yes. Dogmatic? Sure. Pretentious? Absolutely.This is still among my favorite books of all time. You will never look at the world the same way ever again after reading it. It changed my life. And for the better.

    5. This book is the English explanation of the main doctrine of Vienna Circle, an association of philosophers that applied verificationism on Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus which formed the basis for the group's philosophy. Ayer wrote: "Wittgenstein did not then figure in the Oxford curriculum, and I knew nothing about him at all until I started to read this book. Its effect on me was overwhelming This was exactly what I wanted, the very conclusions I had been groping towards on my [...]

    6. Brash, ballsy, brainy, take-no-prisoners philosophy from a guy who was in his mid-twenties.Now I understand why logical positivism and its ilk got such an enthusiastic response.Shorter Ayer: Much of what is marketed today as philosophy isn't philosophy. It's so mistaken that it isn't even coherent enough to be wrong. Metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, theology, and their cousins are all hereby banished. All of the opinions that have been expressed on these topics are agglomerations of words that a [...]

    7. In the preface (to the first edition) Ayer gives his argument in a nutshell. Regarding a metaphysical assertion, he writes “that there is a non-empirical world of values, or that men have immortal souls, or that there is a transcendent god is neither true nor false but literally senseless.” Truth and knowledge are statements that can be validated by experience.* From this, he titles his first chapter, “The Elimination of Metaphysics,” by which he means that metaphysics is not philosophy. [...]

    8. Recommended by Julia Galef on the Ezra Klein Show podcast: Julia Galef on how to argue better and change your mind more [Stitcher, iTunes, Overcast] along with The Robot’s Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin and Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed.

    9. Historically, this is an important work for the English-and American-speaking worlds because it largely brought the thinking of the Vienna Circle to public attention. Logical positivism has taken a series of blows in the intervening time, including Gödel's Theorem and the uncertainty unleashed by modern physics, and more recently by our increased understanding of neuroscience. There is still much that I would agree with in this synopsis, and more where I would say that Ayer has a point. His rej [...]

    10. This is the classic English language exposition of Logical Positivism, written when it was still more of a movement than a philosophical school. It was one of the books which was suggested for my first college philosophy course, though I never read it then. I have, however, read many other books since by the Logical Positivists (Schlick, Neurath, etc.) and their descendants and relations in the Analytic tradition, and I found them generally much better than this book. While these figures of the [...]

    11. This book really changed my thinking on many philosophical issues. Ayer argues that if a statement is to be meaningful, it must be either analytic or capable of being verified empirically. Anything else (ie metaphysics or ethics) is essentially bullshit. Or rather(to use an example) don't bother staying up all night worrying if god exists or not or whether objective facts exist(real nightmare for me personally) : the question itself is senseless.The beauty of this book is that it is clear, conci [...]

    12. A read of this book made it immediately clear why it's a foundational text of the positivist movement. Ayer's thought is strikingly clear and his logic is incisive, dealing the metaphysical idols a mighty blow. While it's my opinion that Russell and Quine successfully resuscitate the non-strictly empirical, this text and Ayer's principle of verification still give the reader a roadmap by which one's sentences may be said to be intelligible or not. As such, it's a great read and of interest to an [...]

    13. My high rating here comes not from the fact that I agree with Ayer -- I certainly do not -- but that he's written an important, meaningful book.

    14. Mental ejaculations. That's what most of philosophy is if you follow Ayer. Metaphysics, theology, aesthetics, and much of ethics is cognitively meaningless. The whole book is pretty simple: it is a phenomenalist account of empiricism in which sense data is all that exists, but adds to traditional empiricist accounts the idea that a priori truths are not subject to empirical verification not because empiricism is limited, but that a-priori truths tell us nothing new. This is the crucial innovatio [...]

    15. At age 26, A.J. Ayer is an ambitious student of philosophy and his aim, like many young writers, is to overthrow the entire system of philosophy. I loved this book, even though I see the flaws of logical positivism everywhere. The writing is very lucid, with elegant prose - typical of turn-of-the-century British writing. The Verification principle of logical positivism is well-known by now -- as is the inherent contradiction of the Verification principle. Other criticisms have been provided by W [...]

    16. This was one of the course literature books when I was studying philosophy at the University of Lund. All my philosophy books were in a small bookshelf in the room that my sisters used to live in before they moved away from home. The room was painted yellow and faced south. I still own most of these books, they are probably in storage at my sister's place back in Sweden after my mother died and the house I grew up in was sold. I can't really remember the content of this particular book, only its [...]

    17. logical positivism. verificationism. yaknow. superseded by popper's falsificationism. subject to the critique that the principle of verification is not subject to verification (nor however is popper's falsification doctrine self-reflexive, of course). despite all of its problems, there is something attractive about the basic premise that certain statements are so stupid that they don't even count. 'god exists.' huh? that has no truth value. revise & resubmit!

    18. This book sets out to dispense with useless enquiry and to articulate the powers that philosophy has and which it doesn't have. This is a famous text in the history of logical positivism, which gained populary in English universites sometime after its origin in the German speaking intellectual world. I agree with this book in everything I can recall from it. It is, however, written in an aggressive style (by academic standards) and I can see how those with a preference for the philosophers which [...]

    19. If you take the British Empiricists and American Pragmatists to their natural conclusion you get the philosophy of Ayer which is mostly, but not completely, aligned with the Vienna Circle logical positivists. This is an important milestone marking the linguistic turn of 20th Century philosophy. Its central tenet is that there is no metaphysics. Out of this a system that dispenses with some of the Kantian distinctions, tramples over the realism/idealism debate and throws most of the field of ethi [...]

    20. A.J. Ayer had studied philosophy with the Vienna Circle of philosophers in Vienna and after returning to the U.K. wrote this book, which has remained a classic outline of Logical Positivism in English.

    21. I found the reading pretty dense at times -- mostly due to my own ignorance. Nevertheless, the author's slapping of the metaphysicists is mesmerizing. This is a short book, and I will likely re-read it in a year or two.

    22. A rather acerbic and thus hilarious attempt to show scientism is the end all be all. Enjoyable, and very readable but in my estimation quite nonsensical!

    23. ^_^ Some parts are very good, and given the age, likely classic.The core realization of the book is very valuable. Essentally Hume's Fork: there is a limited to what can be gotten purely analytically, and this rest must have "empirical" basis. So Ayer proceeds to rule out metaphysics as something sensible to talk about, and later to further define what is meant by "empirical." (I first noticed this due to values not being "rationally" based >.<)The worse parts of the book are where Ayer ap [...]

    24. Ah yes, that gospel of scientism "Language, Truth, and Logic." In this tract, A.J. Ayer attempts to demonstrate that that all meaningful propositions are either analytic (true by definition) or synthetic (dependent on empirical observation). In service of this goal, he introduces the criterion of verifiability which serves as a standard of meaning for factual statements. According to this criterion, the only way for a proposition to be meaningful is for it to refer to something empirically verif [...]

    25. i found the beginnings of a review of this book, so why not just paste it in here and be done with it, right?I cannot agree with Ayer's idea of what philosophy should be — or, as he would have you believe, what the only real, true, valid Philosophy Is. I claim that his form of obsession with truth and logic yields only a sterile definition of Philosophy, which offers not even the coldest of comforts. Not even 24 hours after finishing Ayer's Language, Truth and Logic, i again turned to Luc Fe [...]

    26. Language, Truth, and Logic is a clear, systematic presentation of A.J. Ayer's metaphysics (which I say because he should've listened to Bradley's advice near the beginning of the book, which he cites), metaphilosophy, and general logical ideology. Developed from the ideas of Russell and Wittgenstein, it rightfully deserves its place as an introductory textbook to logical positivism. It's is undeniable that Ayer is a smart writer, who knows when and how to explicate an idea. This treatise is well [...]

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